Safa Mountain, located inside Masjid al-Haram, is the point from which pilgrims begin their Sa’ee to imitate the actions of Hajra (peace be upon her).
Allah mentions the mountains of Safa and Marwah in the Qur'an: "Verily, Safa and Marwah are among the landmarks (distinctive signs) (Deen) of Allah." [Quran 2: 158]
Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) says that the Prophet (saw) climbed Mount Safa when Allah revealed a verse in Surah Shuara: "And warn your tribe (O Muhammad) about near kindred." [Quran 26: 214]
Climbing up Safa Mountain, he shouted: “Yah, Sabahah!” (Arabic expression when someone calls for help or attracts the attention of others to some kind of danger). When the people of Mecca gathered around him, the Prophet (saw) said to them: "If I tell you that the horsemen are attacking you from the valley on the other side of this mountain, will you believe me?" "Yes," they replied: "We have always found you to be true." The Prophet (saw) said: "I am a clear warner to you of the coming severe punishment." Following this vivid analogy, the Prophet (asked) asked them to save themselves, stating that Allah was one and that he, Mohammed, was his messenger. He tried to make them understand that if they cling to polytheism and reject the message he brought to them, they will be punished by Allah. Abu Lahab (his uncle) said: “May you perish! Have you gathered us for this reason only? “Abu Lahab left. After that, Sura al-Lahab was opened (“Perish to Abu Lahab's hands!”).
After the conquest of Mecca, the Prophet (saw) went to Hajar al-Aswad, and then began to perform the tawaf. After the completion of Tawaf, the Prophet (saw) climbed Mount Safa, facing the Ka'ba, and, having glorified Allah, he began to make a dua. It was from here that he announced (to the local Meccans): “Anyone who enters Abu Sufyan’s house has an amnesty, and someone who closes the door of his house has an amnesty.”
Dar-e-Arqam was founded at the foot of Mount Safa.
Location In Map
Source: History of Madinah Munawwarah – Dr. Muhammad Ilyas Abdul Ghani
Mount Marwah is the place where Hajra (peace be upon her) ran from Mount Safa in search of water for his son Ismail (peace be upon him)