Collection of Jordan Islamic History
1. The Cave Ashabe-Kahf (appearance)
This is considered a cave in which a group of pious youths (equated with the Christian legend of “the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus”) sought refuge from the tyrannical pagan king and in which Allah (caused) made them sleep for 300 years. Their story is mentioned in the Holy Quran in Sura Kahf. The cave is located in the suburb of Abu Aland in Amman.
Around 250 AD ruled by a roman king named Dacianos (Decius), who annually held a meeting devoted to idol worship. Many people would come dressed in better clothes. However, one young man believed in the unity of Allah (ﷻ), the teachings of Isa (peace be upon him) and the avoidance of pagan worship. He rebelled against the practices that took place in society. He attracted another youth and then another to form a small group.
When the king heard about their rebellion, he became very angry and gave the order to kill them. To save their iman (faith), they fled and fled. On the way to salvation, they met a young farmer who had a dog; They gave him Dawah, he agreed and decided to join them. Eventually they came to the cave in which they made a dua for Allah for relief. They decided to get some rest, leaving the dog (named Qitmir) near the entrance as a guard. Allah (caused) made them and the dog sleep for 300 years.
Allah (ﷻ) describes their sleeping in the Holy Quran in Sura Kahf:
“And you would have thought them awake, while they were asleep. And We turned them on their right and on their left sides, and their dog stretching forth his two forelegs at the entrance [of the Cave or in the space near to the entrance of the Cave (as a guard at the gate)]. Had you looked at them, you would certainly have turned back from them in flight, and would certainly have been filled with awe of them. ” [18:18]
The Quran further states that the period of time that these sleepers people spent in the cave was 300 years, during which the calendar of their people was changed from solar to lunar, and, as a result, their sleep period was 309 years. When they woke up, they had no idea that they had slept for centuries, and they thought that they had slept only a few hours. When they sent one of them to buy food, the store owner was amazed to see such old coins, and the reality of the time they spent in the cave gradually became apparent. The current ruling king, whom some scholars identified as the Tanduzi, was a believer who came on foot to see them and receive their blessings. When these young people died, they were buried in a cave with their dog. The bones of these young men and dogs are visible from the inside.
In addition to Amman in Jordan, the location of the cave is also said to be in Turkey. And Allah (ﷻ) knows best.
To the left of the entrance is an ancient olive tree. At one time a small church was built on top of a cave; it was converted to a mosque with a mihrab still visible above the entrance.
References: Stories of the Prophets – Ibn Kathir, Wikipedia, The Rough Guide to Jordan.