Jordan Islamic History

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Collection of Jordan Islamic History

The Cave Ashabe-Kahf (appearance)

This is considered a cave in which a group of pious youths (equated with the Christian legend of “the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus”) sought refuge from the tyrannical pagan king and in which Allah (caused) made them sleep for 300 years. Their story is mentioned in the Holy Quran in Sura Kahf. The cave is located in the suburb of Abu Aland in Amman.

Exterior of the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf – Photo: F.Pandor
Exterior of the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf – Photo: F.Pandor

Around 250 AD ruled by a roman king named Dacianos (Decius), who annually held a meeting devoted to idol worship. Many people would come dressed in better clothes. However, one young man believed in the unity of Allah (ﷻ), the teachings of Isa (peace be upon him) and the avoidance of pagan worship. He rebelled against the practices that took place in society. He attracted another youth and then another to form a small group.

When the king heard about their rebellion, he became very angry and gave the order to kill them. To save their iman (faith), they fled and fled. On the way to salvation, they met a young farmer who had a dog; They gave him Dawah, he agreed and decided to join them. Eventually they came to the cave in which they made a dua for Allah for relief. They decided to get some rest, leaving the dog (named Qitmir) near the entrance as a guard. Allah (caused) made them and the dog sleep for 300 years.

Close up of the entrance to the Ashabe-Kahf cave – Photo: F.Pandor
Close up of the entrance to the Ashabe-Kahf cave – Photo: F.Pandor

Allah (ﷻ) describes their sleeping in the Holy Quran in Sura Kahf:

“And you would have thought them awake, while they were asleep. And We turned them on their right and on their left sides, and their dog stretching forth his two forelegs at the entrance [of the Cave or in the space near to the entrance of the Cave (as a guard at the gate)]. Had you looked at them, you would certainly have turned back from them in flight, and would certainly have been filled with awe of them. ” [18:18]

Sign for the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf – Photo: Z.Patel
Sign for the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf – Photo: Z.Patel

The Quran further states that the period of time that these sleepers people spent in the cave was 300 years, during which the calendar of their people was changed from solar to lunar, and, as a result, their sleep period was 309 years. When they woke up, they had no idea that they had slept for centuries, and they thought that they had slept only a few hours. When they sent one of them to buy food, the store owner was amazed to see such old coins, and the reality of the time they spent in the cave gradually became apparent. The current ruling king, whom some scholars identified as the Tanduzi, was a believer who came on foot to see them and receive their blessings. When these young people died, they were buried in a cave with their dog. The bones of these young men and dogs are visible from the inside.

View from the top of the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf – Photo: Z.Patel
View from the top of the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf – Photo: Z.Patel

In addition to Amman in Jordan, the location of the cave is also said to be in Turkey. And Allah (ﷻ) knows best.

To the left of the entrance is an ancient olive tree. At one time a small church was built on top of a cave; it was converted to a mosque with a mihrab still visible above the entrance.

References: Stories of the Prophets – Ibn Kathir, Wikipedia, The Rough Guide to Jordan.

Cave Ashabe-Kahf (interior) Jordan Islamic History

The main view above shows part of the inner part of Ashabe-Kahf cave. The crafted stone blocks are tombs; one of them (on the left) has an observation hole through which bones are visible. Dog bones were also shown.

Interior of the Ashabe-Kahf cave – Y.Isap
Interior of the Ashabe-Kahf cave – Y.Isap

The Prophet (SAW) was challenged by Quraysh’s from Mecca, who did not believe his message in order to answer the three questions that the Jews had given him. One of the questions was: “Who were the missing youth, and how many were there?” The Jews knew that the Prophet (SAW) can tell this story only if he really is a prophet.

The Prophet (SAW) had no idea and said that he would answer them tomorrow, hoping that the answer would be revealed to him through Gibrel (Angel Jibraeel) (peace be upon him), but forgetting to say “Inshallah” (if Allah wishes). For 15 days, the Prophet (SAW) did not receive any revelation, leading to Quraysh, who greatly revile and abuse him.

Rear wall in the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf – Photo: Z.Patel
Rear wall in the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf – Photo: Z.Patel

The answer, however, was eventually revealed to the Prophet (ﷺ) in the Sura, named after the cave (Al-Qaf) of the sleeping. The Quran revealed the exact story that the Jews knew about and answered the questions as well as the information they had. The Qur’an confirmed that they slept for 309 years, which the Jews knew. The Quran, however, did not give an exact answer as to how many were there.

Allah (ﷻ) revealed: “(Some) say they were three, the dog being the fourth among them; (others) say they were five, the dog being the sixth, guessing at the unseen; (yet others) say they were seven, the dog being the eighth. Say (O Muhammad SAW): “My Lord knows best their number; none knows them but a few.” So debate not (about their number, etc.) except with the clear proof (which We have revealed to you). And consult not any of them (people of the Scripture, Jews and Christians) about (the affair of) the people of the Cave. ” [18:22]

Another view of the inside of the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf
Another view of the inside of the Cave of the Ashabe-Kahf

The Jews themselves did not know exactly how many were there (3.5 or 7), and were surprised when the Quran gave all the possible numbers that they suspected of the sleepers people.

References: Stories of the Prophets – Ibn Kathir, Wikipedia


The Mu’ta Battlefield (Jordan Islamic History)

This is a place near Kerak, in the south of Jordan, where Muslims fought a famous battle against the unified Byzantine-Ghassanid army during the life of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) in the year of 629 CE.

Of the messages (letters) that the Prophet (saw) sent to different kings, inviting them to Islam, one was sent to the King of Bursa through Haris-bin-Umair Azdi (may Allah be pleased with him). When Haris (may Allah be pleased with him) reached Mu’ta, he was killed by Sharjeel Ghassani, one of the Kaiser rulers. The killing of the envoy was against all the laws of inter-tribal morality. The Prophet (saw) was naturally very upset when news reached him. He gathered an army of 3,000 men to advance against the enemy. This was the first time that Muslims fought with the Byzantines (the Roman Empire in the Middle Ages).

The area where the Battle of Mu’ta took place – Photo: Z.Patel
The area where the Battle of Mu’ta took place – Photo: Z.Patel

While appointing Zaid-bin-Harith (may Allah be pleased with him) to command the army, the Prophet (saw) said: “If Zaid is killed, Jafar-bin-Abi Talib will become your Amir, and if he is also killed” Then Abdullah bin-bin -Rawahah will take command. If he dies too, you can choose a commander from yourself. ” The Jew who listened to this said: “All three must die. That is how the prophets used to prophesy. ”

The prophet (saw) gave Zaid a white flag made by himself. Then he accompanied the army some distance from Medina and prayed for them, saying: “May Allah return you safely and triumphantly, may He protect you from all evils.”

When Sharjeel received information about this army, he prepared an army of 100,000 men, and the Qaiser himself gathered another army of 100,000 men to meet the Sahabahs. When the Sahababs heard a rumor about an army being prepared, they doubted whether they should face such serious problems or inform the Prophet (saw). Abdullah bin Rawah (may Allah be pleased with him) urged them to advance, and they met with the army on the battlefield of Muta.

A fierce battle broke out, in which, as predicted, Zayd-bin-Haritha (may Allah be pleased with him) were killed, followed by Jafar-bin-Abi Talib and Abdullah-bin-Rawah. After the fall of the last leader, Tabith bin Aqram (may Allah be pleased with him) ran behind the flag and raised it high so that Muslims would not disperse into chaos. Thabit (may Allah be pleased with him) then handed the flag to Khalid-bin-Waleed (may Allah be pleased with him) and publicly urged Muslims to take his leadership. They unanimously agreed and for the first time Khalid-bin-Waleed (may Allah be pleased with him) led the Muslim army.

Mosque at the site where the Battle of Mu’ta took place – Photo: A.Ahmed
Mosque at the site where the Battle of Mu’ta took place – Photo: A.Ahmed

Khalid-bin-Waleed (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the battle was so intense that he used nine swords that broke in battle. Seeing that the situation was hopeless, he was preparing to withdraw an army. He continued to draw the Byzantines into clashes, but avoided a pitched battle. One night, he completely changed his military position and led the rear guard, which he supplied with new banners; All this was to create the impression that reinforcements had arrived from Medina. He also ordered his cavalry to retreat at night over the hill, hiding their movements, and then returning during the day when the battle resumed, raising up as much dust as they could. It also had to create the impression that additional reinforcements were arriving. The Byzantines believed fictitious reinforcements and withdrew, which allowed Muslim forces to safely retreat to Medina.

Today, those Muslims who fell in battle are considered martyrs (shahids). This battle was not a defeat, but a strategic success; Muslims challenged the Byzantines and felt their presence among the Arab Bedouin tribes in the region.

References: Fazail-e-Aamal – Sheik Zakariyya Kandhalvi, Men around the Messenger – Khalid Mohammed Khalid.


The grave of Zaid Bin Haritha (may Allah be pleased with him)

This is the grave of Zaid Bin Haritha (may Allah be pleased with him), the first Amir appointed by the Prophet (saw) to lead the Muslim army at the Battle of Mu’ta.

Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him) was the first to accept Islam after Ali (may Allah be pleased with him).

As a young child, he traveled in a caravan when the Banu Qais tribe attacked him. He was taken as a slave and sold in Mecca to Hakim-bin-Hizamu, who bought him for his aunt Khadija (may Allah be pleased with him), who offered him as a gift to the Prophet (saw) during her marriage For him.

Front view of the tomb of Zaid bin Haritha (may Allah be pleased with him)
Front view of the tomb of Zaid bin Haritha (may Allah be pleased with him)

Zaid’s father was in great grief from the loss of his son and wandered in search of him. Zaid met some people of his clan during their pilgrimage to Mecca and sent a letter to his father, assuring him that he was completely healthy and pleased with his noble master. Zaid’s father and uncle came to Mecca with enough money to buy out Zaid, and came to the Prophet (saw) to release him so that they could take him back. The Prophet (saw) gave Zaid a free choice to return with his father, but he refused to say: “How can I prefer someone else to you? You are everything to me, including my father and uncle. ” On this, the Prophet (saw) took Zaid on his knees and said: “From today I accept Zaid as my son.” Zaid’s father and uncle were quite satisfied with the situation and happily left Zayed with the Prophet (saw).

Sign for the tomb of Zaid-bin-Haritha (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Z.Patel
Sign for the tomb of Zaid-bin-Haritha (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Z.Patel

Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him) is the only one companion (sahabi) of the Prophet (saw) mentioned by name in the Quran, which concerns his divorce from Zainab (may Allah be pleased with her): “And (remember) when you said to him (Zaid bin Hârithah ÑÖì < the freed­slave of the Prophet SAW) on whom Allâh has bestowed Grace (by guiding him to Islâm) and you (O Muhammad SAW too) have done favour (by manumitting him) “Keep your wife to yourself, and fear Allâh.” But you did hide in yourself (i.e. what Allâh has already made known to you that He will give her to you in marriage) that which Allâh will make manifest, you did fear the people (i.e., Muhammad SAW married the divorced wife of his manumitted slave) whereas Allâh had a better right that you should fear Him. So when Zaid had accomplished his desire from her (i.e. divorced her), We gave her to you in marriage, so that (in future) there may be no difficulty to the believers in respect of (the marriage of) the wives of their adopted sons when the latter have no desire to keep them (i.e. they have divorced them). And Allâh’s Command must be fulfilled.” [Quran 33:37]

Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him) died at the age of 55.

References: Fazail-e-Aamal – Sheik Zakariyya Kandhalvi, The Holy sites of Jordan – TURAB Publishing.


Grave of Jafar-bin-Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him)

This is the grave of Jafar-bin-Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him), the second amir appointed by the Prophet (saw) to lead the Muslim army at the Battle of Mu’ta.

Jafar (may Allah be pleased with him) was a cousin of the Prophet (saw) on the paternal side and Ali’s elder brother (may Allah be pleased with him).

He had a special love for the poor and often mixed and associated with them.

He was one of the first companions who emigrated to Abyssinia (Ethiopia) during the persecution of the Quraysh. He was a representative of the Muslims who successfully defended the emigrants in the court of King Negus from the Quraysh who came to force them to return to Mecca.

The tomb of Jafar (may Allah be pleased with him)
The tomb of Jafar (may Allah be pleased with him)

When Zaid (may Allah be pleased with him) was killed, Jafar took the flag of the Muslims (may Allah be pleased with him). He deliberately turned off his horse to dispel any thoughts of returning home from the battlefield. With a flag in one hand and a sword in the other, he jumped on the line of the enemy. The enemy cut his right hand, which held the flag. He immediately moved it to the left. When it was cut off, he held the flag in his teeth and supported him with bleeding hands. His body was cut into two parts by someone from behind, and he fell dead, then he was about 33 years old at that time.

Upon hearing the news of his death, the Prophet (saw) went to his house to condole with his family. He called his sons Abdullah, Aun, and Mohammed, comforted them and blessed them with his prayers.

After his death, Jafar (may Allah be pleased with him) became known as Jafar al-Tayyar, “One of two wings,” due to the fact that the Prophet (saw) had a vision of him in Paradise with two wings.

References: Fazail-e-Aamal – Sheik Zakariyya Kandhalvi


The grave of Abdullah bin-Rawahah (may Allah be pleased with him) Jordan Islamic History

This is the grave of Abdullah bin-Rawahah (may Allah be pleased with him), the third amir appointed by the Prophet (saw) to lead the Muslim army at the Mu’ta Battlefield.

Abdullah bin Rawahah (may Allah be pleased with him) was originally a Christian scribe from Medina and was also known as Abu Amro al-Ansari Al-Khazraji Al-Badri. He was one of the most active Ansar people who supported the faith of Islam and strengthened its structure.

The grave of Abdullah bin Rawahah (may Allah be pleased with him)
The grave of Abdullah bin Rawahah (may Allah be pleased with him)

During the Battle of Badr, he was left by the Prophet (saw), responsible for Medina.

When Jafar (may Allah be pleased with him) was killed in Mu’ta, Abdullah bin Rawahah (may Allah be pleased with him) was eating piece of meat in the corner of the battlefield. He was hungry for three days. Hearing about the death of Jafar, he threw away this piece of meat and said to himself: “Abdullah! You are busy eating while Jafar has reached Paradise. ” Then he took the flag and began to fight. His finger was badly injured and hung loose. He put a dangling finger under his foot and tore it from his hand, and then rushed forward, striking with his sword until he was martyred.

References: Fazail-e-Aamal – Sheik Zakariyya Kandhalvi, The Holy sites of Jordan – TURAB Publishing


Grave of the Prophet Shoayb (Peace be upon him)

It is believed that this tomb belongs to Shoayb (peace be upon him). He is considered the father-in-law of Musa (peace be upon him) and was sent to the people of Madyan, a community of merchants who controlled the large trade routes between Yemen and Syria, and also between Iraq and Egypt to the shores of the Red Sea.

The tomb of Shoayb (peace be upon him)
The tomb of Shoayb (peace be upon him)

Shoayb (peace be upon him) is mentioned in the Holy Quran 11 times, in the Bible he is known as Jethro. The people of Madyan were originally a true follower of Ibrahim (peace be upon him), but gradually over the centuries they became involved in disobedience and sin. In particular, they were involved in:

  • Idol worship and polytheism customs
  • Cheating when giving measure, but demand in full or more than the right
  • Lies in all affairs and robbery of people

Allah (ﷻ) mentions in the Holy Quran in Suhr Al-Araf: “And to (the people of) Madyan (Midian), (We sent) their brother Shu’aib. He said: “O my people! Worship Allâh! You have no other Ilâh (God) but Him. [Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allâh)].” Verily, a clear proof (sign) from your Lord has come unto you; so give full measure and full weight and wrong not men in their things, and do not mischief on the earth after it has been set in order, that will be better for you, if you are believers.” [Quran 7:85]

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Shoayb (peace be upon him) was very upset to see that his people were doing bad things. He advised them to seek forgiveness from Allah. Alas, they abstained and were destroyed by an earthquake.

Shoayb (peace be upon him) was known for his eloquence and good speech. According to Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him), said: whenever the Prophet (saw) mentioned him, he said: “He was an orator of the Prophets.”

Exterior of the mosque where Prophet Shoayb (upon him be peace) is buried
Exterior of the mosque where Prophet Shoayb (upon him be peace) is buried

Shoayb (peace be upon him) was ethnically Arab. In the Hadith, narrated by Abu Zarr (may Allah be pleased with him), it is said: “Four of the Arabs. Hud, Salih, Shoayb and your Prophet, O Abu Dharr! “.

The tomb of Shoiba (peace be upon him) is said to be in Hadramawte, Yemen.

References: Stories of the Prophets – Ibn Kathir, Atlas of the Quran – Dr. Shauqi Abu Khalili


The Grave of the Prophet Harun (Peace be upon him)

It is believed that in the white building on the top of the mountain there is the tomb of Harun (peace be upon him), brother of Musa (peace be upon him). It is located on the top of Mount Hor, near the Petra Valley. It was built in the 13th century by the Sultan of the Mamluks, Al Nasir Mohammed.

Harun (peace be upon him) is mentioned by name in the Holy Quran 20 times. In the Bible, he is known as Aaron.

When Allah (ﷻ) ordered Musa (peace be upon him) to go to Firawn (Fharoah), he made a dua that the Prophecy be granted to his brother Harun so that he could help him. Allah (ﷻ) reproduces this dua in the Holy Quran in Sura Ta Ha:

[Mûsa (Moses)] said: “O my Lord! Open for me my chest (grant me self-confidence, contentment, and boldness). “And ease my task for me; “And make loose the knot (the defect) from my tongue, (i.e. remove the incorrectness from my speech) [That occurred as a result of a brand of fire which Mûsa (Moses) put in his mouth when he was an infant]. “That they understand my speech., “And appoint for me a helper from my family., “Hârûn (Aaron), my brother; “Increase my strength with him., “And let him share my task (of conveying Allâh’s Message and Prophethood)., “That we may glorify You much., “And remember You much., “Verily! You are of us Ever a Well-Seer.” [Quran: 20: 25-35]

Harun (peace be upon him) was a gifted orator and often spoke for Musa (peace be upon him), who suffered from speech disorders. He was largely responsible for teaching the Israelites how to worship, as stated in the Torah of that time.

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The Grave of the Prophet Harun (Peace be upon him) Photo: Dr.Azzouqa (Panaramio)
The Grave of the Prophet Harun (Peace be upon him) Photo: Dr.Azzouqa (Panaramio)

Islam believes that Harun (peace be upon him) did not take part in forcing the Israelites to worship the golden calf. Rather, he was depressed and threatened with being killed by his people. When Musa (peace be upon him) returned from the mount, he immediately blamed Harun (peace be upon him) and grabbed him by the beard, but Harun (peace be upon him) gave his explanation, after which Musa (peace be upon him) prayed to Allah to forgive them both .

Amir bin Sad bin Abi Waqqas (may Allah be pleased with him) told (on the authority of his father) that the Prophet (saw) said: “You are in the same position in relation to me as Harun is in relation to him”. Musa, but with (this obvious difference) that after me there is no prophet. ” [Muslim]

It is said that Harun (peace be upon him) lived 122 years.

References: Stories of the Prophets – Ibn Kathir, Atlas of the Quran – Dr. Shauqi Abu Khalili


The grave of the Prophet Yusha (Peace be upon him)

This is the grave of Yushi (peace be upon him), the Prophet, who was very close to Musa (peace be upon him) and took his place as leader of Bani Israel after his death. He is known as Joshua in the Bible.

Yusha (peace be upon him) was the great-grandson of Prophet Yusuf (peace be upon him), his full name is Yusha bin Nun bin Afraeem bin Yusuff. Although it is not mentioned by name in the Holy Quran, there are references to it in two places.

Exterior of the Tomb of Prophet Yusha (upon him be peace) – Photo: F.Pandor
Exterior of the Tomb of Prophet Yusha (upon him be peace) – Photo: F.Pandor

After Bani Israil fled slavery in Egypt and wandered in the desert for 40 years, Musa (peace be upon him) died very close to Beit al-Maqdis, often called the Promised Land. Yusha (peace be upon him) took possession and led Bani Israil over the river Jordan in the vicinity of Jericho (also known as Ariha). It was a magnificent city with large palaces. He laid siege to him for six months, and then with the last push, raising Takbeer, led his army and conquered it.

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It is said that when they were going to take the city of Jerusalem, it was Friday during Asr. Sunset was approaching, as a result of which they observed the Sabbath (on Saturday), which meant that they would have to stop fighting. Yusha (peace be upon him) turned to the sun with a request that it be under command, when he was under another command, and he prayed to Allah: “O Allah, do not let it setting!”. It was stopped until Allah made him a winner.

Exterior of the Tomb of Prophet Yusha (upon him be peace) – Photo: F.Pandor
Exterior of the Tomb of Prophet Yusha (upon him be peace) – Photo: F.Pandor

Hadith was transmitted from Abu Hurayra (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (saw) said: “Of course, the sun never stopped to setting down for a man, except for Yusha (peace be upon him). In the evening he invaded Byte al “Maqdi”.

Bani Israil lived for some time in Beit al-Maqdis, and Yusha (peace be upon him) taught them the Torah and rules in accordance with it. He lived 127 years.

References: Stories of the Prophets – Ibn Kathir


Abu Ubaidah Mosque (may Allah be pleased with him)

Located in the Jordan Valley mosque, this mosque houses the tomb of Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah (may Allah be pleased with him), who was among Ashura Mubbasharah, the ten blessed companions whom the Prophet (saw) gave good news about their entry into the Paradise.

The tomb of Abu Ubaidah (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Shafiq Morton
The tomb of Abu Ubaidah (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Shafiq Morton

The Prophet (saw) said: “Every nation has a person you can trust, and a person who deserves the trust of this (Muslim) nation is Abu Ubaidah.”

Abu Ubaidah (may Allah be pleased with him) was described as a tall, thin, bearded man with two broken teeth, which was the envy of all Muslims, as they were broken in the process of helping the Prophet (saw), in the Battle of Uhud, the Prophet (ﷺ) suffered a fierce attack from the enemy, and the two helmets worn by him were deeply impressed with his head (or face). Abu Ubaida ran to his rescue and began pulling links with his teeth. By the time one of the links was out, he had lost one of his teeth. Ignoring it, he used his teeth again to pull out another links. He also managed to get it, but he had to lose another tooth. In this process, his blood was mixed with the blood of the Prophet.

View from the courtyard – Photo: Atlastours.net
View from the courtyard – Photo: Atlastours.net

During Umar’s Caliphate (may Allah be pleased with him) Abu Ubaidah (may Allah be pleased with him) replaced Khalid-bin-Walid as the commander of Muslims during the Syrian campaign.

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He died of the Great Plague in the year 18 AH, not far from Fahl, at the age of 58.

References: Fazail-e-Aamal – Sheik Zakariyya Kandhalvi, The Holy sites of Jordan – TURAB Publishing


Grave of Muad-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him)

This is the grave of Mu’ad-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him), an outstanding Sahabi, about whom the Prophet (saw) once said: “The most knowledgeable of my ummah in halal and haram is Mu’ad-ibn-Jabel”.

Muad (may Allah be pleased with him) was Ansari, who at a young age became a Muslim at the hands of Musayb-bin-Umayr (may Allah be pleased with him), whom the Prophet (saw) sent to Yathrib (Medina). ) before hijra When the Prophet (ﷺ) reached the Medina, Muad remained in his company as much as possible. He studied the Quran and the laws of Islam until he became one of the most knowledgeable of the religion of Islam. Wherever Muad went, people turned to him for legal judgements on matters on which they were diverging.

Tomb of Muadh-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: F.Pandor
Tomb of Muadh-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: F.Pandor

Some time after the Prophet (ﷺ) returned to Medina, the envoys of the kings of Yemen came to him, declaring that they and the people of Yemen had become Muslims. They asked that there be several teachers with them to teach the people about Islam. For this task, the Prophet (ﷺ) commissioned a group of competent da’ees (missionaries) and made Muad-bin-Jabal his amir. Then he asked Muad the next question: “What will you judge?”. “According to the Book of Allah,” replied Muad. “And if you don’t find anything there?” “According to the Sunnah of the Prophet of Allah.” “And if you don’t find anything there?”

“Then I will make an effort (exercise ijtehad) to form my own judgment.” The Prophet (ﷺ) was pleased with this answer and said: “Praise be to Allah, who led the Prophet’s messenger to what the pleases the Prophet.” The Prophet (saw) personally walked some distance with Muad when he left the city.

Mosque of Muadh-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: F.Pandor
Mosque of Muadh-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: F.Pandor

When it was time to say goodbye, the Prophet (saw) said to Muad: “O Muad, you may not see me again after this year. Perhaps when you return, you will only see my mosque and my grave. ” Muad (may Allah be pleased with him) wept heard this because he knew in his heart that he would never meet the Prophet (ﷺ) in this world again. A feeling of sadness and despair gripped him when he parted with the Prophet (ﷺ). The prophecy of the Prophet was true, the eyes of Mu’ad (may Allah be pleased with him) never saw the Prophet after this point. The Prophet died before Muad returned from Yemen.

Tomb of Abdur Rehman, the son of Muadh-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Z.Patel
Tomb of Abdur Rehman, the son of Muadh-bin-Jabal (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Z.Patel

Mu’ad (may Allah be pleased with him) died in Jordan during the 18th year after the Hijra, at the age of 38. His son is also buried next to him.

Many visitors commented on the wonderful fragrance present in the room where he is buried. The rangers insist that they never applied anything there.

References: Men around the Messenger – Khalid Mohammed Khalid, Wikipedia


The Cave of the Prophet Lut (Peace be upon him)

According to Christian tradition, this cave, located near the Dead Sea, is the place where the Prophet Lut [Lot] (peace be upon him) sought refuge after the destruction of Sodom, Prophet Lut village.

In Islam, Lut (peace be upon him), like all the other Prophets of Allah, is considered righteous and upholds all forms of moral behavior. There is a big difference between Islamic and Judeo-Christian beliefs about what happened to Lut (peace be upon him) and his daughters after they fled from the destruction of Sodom.

According to Peter Calvocoressi’s (Who’s Who in the Bible), after they went to live in a cave, two daughters of Lut (peace be upon him) were afraid that they would never find a man, so they planned to make their father seduce them when he was drunk . They did this in turn, and each of them subsequently had a son, who became the ancestor of the Moabites and the Ammonites. The story is told in Genesis 19: 30-36:

30 And Lot went out from Zohar and dwelt on a mountain, and his two daughters with him; because he was afraid to live in Zohar, and he lived in a cave, he and his two daughters.
31 And the first-born said to the younger: our father is old, and there is no man on earth who would come to us in the image of the whole earth,

Cave of Prophet Lut (upon him be peace)
Cave of Prophet Lut (upon him be peace)

32 Let us make our father drink wine, and we will lie with him in order to preserve the seed of our father.

33 And they forced their father to drink wine that night: and the firstborn came in and rested with his father; and he did not understand when she lay down and when she got up.

34 And it came to pass that, on the morrow, the firstborn said unto the younger: behold, I lie down in the western night with my father; let’s make him drink wine this night; Go and lie down with him, that we may save the seed of our father.

35 And they forced their father to drink wine that evening: and the younger arose, and lay with him; and he did not understand when she lay down and when she got up.

36 So were Lot’s daughters with their child from their father.

The statement about drunkenness and incestuous behavior of Lut (peace be upon him) is completely rejected in Islam, who considers him one of the most powerful messengers of Allah (God), who were examples of moral and spiritual integrity.

The Story of Prophet Lut accrording to Quran:

Quran 15 : 61-71
61. Then, when the Messengers (the angels) came unto the family of Lout (Lot).
62. He said: “Verily! You are people unknown to me.”
63. They said: “Nay, we have come to you with that (torment) which they have been doubting.
64. “And we have brought to you the truth (the news of the destruction of your nation) and certainly, we tell the truth.
65. “Then travel in a part of the night with your family, and you go behind them in the rear, and let no one amongst you look back, but go on to where you are ordered.”
66. And We made known this decree to him, that the root of those (sinners) was to be cut off in the early morning.
67. And the inhabitants of the city came rejoicing (at the news of the young men’s arrival).
68. [Lout (Lot)] said: “Verily! these are my guests, so shame me not.
69. “And fear Allâh and disgrace me not.”
70. They (people of the city) said: “Did we not forbid you to entertain (or protect) any of the ‘Alamîn (people, foreigners, strangers, etc. from us)?”
71. [Lout (Lot)] said: “These (the girls of the nation) are my daughters (to marry lawfully), if you must act (so).”
72. Verily, by your life (O Muhammad SAW), in their wild intoxication, they were wandering blindly.
73. So As-Saîhah (torment – awful cry, etc.) overtook them at the time of sunrise;
74. And We turned (the towns of Sodom in Palestine) upside down and rained down on them stones of baked clay.

Quran 54:37
“And they indeed sought to shame his guest (by asking to commit sodomy with them). So We blinded their eyes, “Then taste you My Torment and My Warnings.”

MORE IN:

Quran 7: 83. Al-Araf
Quran 11:78. Hud
Quran 17:32 AI-lsr a.’ ( and more…….)

Source: AtlasTours.com, “Who’s Who in the Bible” – Peter Calvocoressi, Wikipedia


Prophet Lut’s wife (peace be upon him)

This rock (near the city of Salt) is believed by Christians to be the wife of Lut (peace be upon him), who looked back at the punishment inflicted on the people of Sodom and Gommora, and as a result was turned into a pillar of salt. According to the Holy Quran, Lut’s wife (peace be upon him) was punished, but her transformation into a pillar of salt is not specifically mentioned. Allah knows best.

Some angels came in the form of handsome young men to Sadum (Sodom), where Lut (peace be upon him) lived among a community dedicated to homosexuality and immoral behavior. The first to see them was one of Lut daughters (peace be upon him), who immediately told her father about this. Lut (peace be upon him), fearing that they would be offended if they were noticed, rushed to meet them and invited them to visit him. Allah (ﷻ) mentions this incident in the Quran in Sura Had: “And when Our Messengers came to Lut, he was upset by their account and felt that for them they were right (so that the people of the city would not approach them in order to sodomize them ). He said: “This is a sad day.” [11:17]

Wife of Prophet Lut (upon him be peace)
Wife of Prophet Lut (upon him be peace)

Only the inhabitants of his house knew about the guests, but his wife came out and told people that Lut (upon him be peace) brought bhandsome men to the house. People immediately came and surrounded the house and demanded that Lut (peace be upon him) leave them their guests. Lut (peace be upon him) barricaded himself behind a closed door, but when he found that the task of restraining them was menacing, he said: “Will I have power against you or may I have some strong support for asylum” [11: 80 ]

At that moment, Allah (ﷻ) mentions that the angels said: “O Lut! Verily, we are the Messengers from your Lord! They will not reach you! So travel with your family during the night, and let none of you look back, but your wife (will be left behind), truly, the punishment that hits them will hit her. Indeed, the morning is their appointed time. Isn’t morning close? “[11:81]

Lut (peace be upon him) remained with his family, and when the sun rose, the decree of Allah was fulfilled. Severe punishment fell upon people and destroyed them all. About the salvation of Lut (peace be upon him) Allah (ﷻ) says in the Holy Quran: “So, we saved him and his family, all but the old woman (his wife) among those left behind.” [26: 170-171]

There are two interpretations of how his wife was destroyed. Either she stayed in the city, or looked back at the punishment and as a result she herself was punished.

Allah (ﷻ) mentions in Sura At-Tahrim: “Allâh sets forth an example for those who disbelieve, the wife of Nûh (Noah) and the wife of Lout (Lot). They were under two of our righteous slaves, but they both betrayed their (husbands by rejecting their doctrine) so they [Nûh (Noah) and Lout (Lot) <> benefited them (their respective wives) not, against Allâh, and it was said: “Enter the Fire along with those who enter!” [Quran 66:10]

Source: Stories of the Prophets – Ibn Kathir


Kerak Castle

This is the Crusader castle in which Reynald de Chatillon (also known as Arnat) lived, one of the Muslims’ worst enemies during the crusades. He was taken by Salahuddin Ayubi on his second attempt in 1189 CE.

In 1183, Salahuddin laid siege to the castle, the siege took place during the marriage of Humphrey IV in Toron and Isabella of Jerusalem. Lady Stephanie (wife of Reynald) sent plates of food from the Muslim army behind the walls. In response, while his people tried to block the ditch and catapult stones against the walls, Salahuddin asked which tower the newlyweds occupied. As a knightly act, Salahuddin ordered his army not to bombard the tower and direct their fire to another place. Ultimately, the siege was lifted by King Baldwin IV.

Despite the truce between the Crusaders and the Muslims, in 1186 Reynald attacked a caravan traveling between Cairo and Damascus. In the course of subsequent hostilities, Reynald launched ships on the Red Sea, partly for piracy, but partly as a threat to Mecca and Medina, challenging Islam in its own holy places. His pirates ravaged villages up and down the Red Sea, and then were captured by al-Adil’s army just a few miles from Medina and subsequently beheaded.

The reason for Reynald in Kerak was characterized by senseless cruelty. Not only did he throw prisoners from the walls of the castle, he first locked their heads in boxes, in the hope that this would stop their loss of consciousness before they fell on the stones below.

Salahuddin swore that if Reynald was ever captured, he would be executed with his own hands. In 1187, the Muslims defeated the Crusaders in the Battle of Hattin, during which Reynald was captured along with King Guy, whom Salahuddin ordered to bring to his tent. Chronicler Imad ad-Din al-Isfahani, who was present at the scene, says: “Salahuddin invited the king [Guy] to sit next to him, and when Arnat [Raynald] entered in turn, he sat him down next to his king. and reminded him of his wrongdoings. “How many times did you take an oath and break it? How many times have you signed an agreement that you never observed? “Reynald replied through a translator:” Kings have always acted in this way. I haven’t done anything else.

Interior of Kerak castle – Photo: nuriadiazmaso
Interior of Kerak castle – Photo: nuriadiazmaso

At this time, King Guy was choking with thirst, his head dangling, as if drunk, his face betrayed strong fear. Salahuddin said encouraging words to him, brought cold water and offered it to him. The king drank and then passed on what was left to Reynald, who quenched his thirst in turn. Then the Sultan said to Guy: “You did not ask permission before giving him water. Therefore, I am not obliged to pardon him. ” After uttering these words, the Sultan smiled, mounted his horse, and left, leaving the captives in terror. He controlled the return of troops, and then returned to his tent. He ordered Reynald to be brought there, and then approached him with a sword in his hand and struck him between the neck and the shoulder blade. When Reynald fell, he cut off his head and dragged the body by the legs to the king, who began to tremble. Seeing him so upset, Salahuddin said to him in a soothing tone: “This man was killed only because of his evil and deceit.”

Salahuddin again laid siege to Kerak Castle and finally captured it in 1189.

Kerak is the unofficial capital of southern Jordan and is located about 125 km south of Amman.

Source: Wikipedia, The Rough Guide to Jordan – Matthew Teller


The Treasury, Petra

This building, known as the Treasury, is one of a series of buildings in Petra, which was built by Nabataeans who followed pagan religion and were closely associated with the people of Tamud. They were known for their complex art of carving in the rocks.

The Nabataeans were Semitic people, Arabs of southern Jordan, northern Arabia, and, Canaan

Petra lies on the slope of Mount Hor and not far from the city of Wadi Musa (the valley of Moses). Harun (peace be upon him), brother Musa (peace be upon him) is buried next to Miriam, their sister.

The Treasury in Petra – Photo: F.Pandor
The Treasury in Petra – Photo: F.Pandor

The Nabataeans worshiped the Arab gods and goddesses of pre-Islamic times, as well as a few of their deified kings. Many statues carved into the rock depict these gods and goddesses. Three of the idols worshiped by unbelievers in the time of the Prophet (saw), Lat, Uzza and Manat, are descended from the Nabataeans. They used to believe that they were the daughters of Allah.

One of the first things that can be seen at the entrance to Petra are three huge blocks with a height of 6 to 8 meters. The tradition is that they contained “jinn” placed there to guard the city.

Source: Wikipedia


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