Iraq Islamic History

0 110

Get real time updates directly on you device, subscribe now.


Temple of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him)

This is the resting place of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) in Karbala. He was the son of Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) and the grandson of the Prophet Mohammed (ﷺ).

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was born in Shaaban 4АХ. He was brought to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who was overjoyed. He chewed a date and put it in the mouth of a newborn, which he began to suck. The first to hit his stomach was the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) blessed his saliva. Then he gave adhaan and ikamata in his ears and called him Hussain. On the 7th day, he gave an indication that the head should be shaved and that Sadak from silver should be equivalent to the weight of the hair. After that, he made aqeeqah, (sacrificing two goats for him).

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was courted and suckled Ummul Fadl Radiallah (may Allah be pleased with him), the wife of the Prophet Uncle Abbas. She mentions that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) kept Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) on his knees and was in a cheerful mood. He suddenly began to cry. She asked about the reason. He replied: "Jibril has just informed me that my ummah will one day kill this beloved son of mine." [Bayhaqi]

Hudaybiah: Shrine of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: tourismlandscapes.blogspot.co.uk
Shrine of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: tourismlandscapes.blogspot.co.uk

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) declared in the Hadith:
“Hussein is mine, and I am Hussein. May Allah like the one who loves Hussein. Hussein is a mighty grandson. ” [Ibn majah]

Hussein says that his grandfather the Prophet (SAW):
“Out of the beauty of Imaan of man, he leaves aside things that do not concern him”

Ibn Kathir writes: “Sayidun Abu Bakr, perhaps, is pleased with him by Allah), showed great respect for the family of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and welcome). He treated Hussein with love, love, and special attention. The same thing happened with Sayiduna Umar and Uthman (may Allah be pleased with them). [Al-Bidayah, Tajalliyat Safdar]

When Kisra’s daughter, Princess Sheherbanu, was brought to Medina Munavava among the prisoners, Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “It is suitable only for Hussein.” He gave it to Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him), who freed her and married her. She gave birth to her son Ali Ibn al-Hussein, who was later named Imam Zain Al-Abideen, thanks to the beauty of his worship.

During the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar (may Allah be pleased with them), Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) is still growing. In 26AH, during the caliphate of Utmani, he took part in the conquest of Tripoli. He played an important role in this victory, as well as many others. In the 30s he was with Said ibn al-Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) in the conquest of Tabrishan and then in the conquest of Djurdjan.

Hudaybiah: Dome above the shrine of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Wikipedia Commons
Dome above the shrine of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Wikipedia Commons

In 34AH, when the rebels surrounded the residence of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with them) and yearn for his blood, this brave prince offered his life with a group of young people. They will stand at the door and will guard their house, returning the rebels. Despite repeated requests to bring the rebels and to have the opportunity to do so, Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) forbade them to shed one drop of blood to protect him. In the end, the rebels took over the property of their neighbors and jumped into the walls. Then they killed Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him).

After the martyrdom of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him), Muhajirin and Ansar promised their loyalty to Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was on the side of his father during the five years of his caliphate. He was a very obedient and humble son and took part in notable battles with Jamal and Siffen.

After the death of his father, he turned to his elder brother Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) as a father. He will always be with him and consult him on important matters.

Hudaybiah: Entry gate to the mosque of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Wikimedia Commons
Entry gate to the mosque of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Wikimedia Commons

After the remaining Khaleefa, only 6 months, Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) handed over the reign of the leadership of Mu'awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him). Mu'awiya (may Allah be pleased with him) treated Ahla Beyta with great respect. He set the allowance in the amount of 100,000 per year for Sayidun Hasan and Hussein (may Allah be pleased with them). When they go to Shaam or Mu'awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him), they will come to Medina, they will treat each other with generosity and hospitality.

Hudaybiah: The mosque of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) in 1932 – Photo: Wikimedia Commons
The mosque of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) in 1932 – Photo: Wikimedia Commons

When Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) died in the year 50AH, Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) became the eldest among the prophetic household. At that time he was the best man on earth. As soon as Abdullah bin Amr ibn al-Aas (may Allah be pleased with him), sat in Haram Sharif near the Ka'ba when Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him). He looked at his radiant face and remarked: "Among all the people on the face of this earth, this man is the most beloved of the angels of heaven." Abdullah Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) will be proud to hold on to Hussein's ladder (may Allah be pleased with him), the saddle when he rides his horse.

Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was tortured in Karbala at 10 Muharram 61AH. He was 57 years old.

The Battle of Karbala In  Iraq

Karbala is the site of the battle that fought on the 10th Muhmarmar 61 AH between a small group of supporters and the relatives of Hussein bin Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) and the much greater power of Yazeed I, the Umayyad caliph. This is the place where Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was tortured and martyred.

When Muawiya (may Allah be pleased with him) died in the 1960s, his son Yazid became his successor. Yazid was only thirty. The Muslim community was not pleased with his appointment because of the crimes of Yazeed.

Hudaybiah - Site of Karbala in Iraq
Site of Karbala in Iraq

Not all cities under Muslim rule promised their loyalty to Yazid. On the contrary, many refused to accept his leadership. As a result, two groups materialized among Muslims. Hussein and Abdullah bin Zubair (may Allah be pleased with them) were of the opinion that Yazid should be resisted and removed. While Abdullah bin Umar and Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) did not decide about this, not because they doubted Yazid’s wrongdoings, but because they were afraid of the murder that follows confrontation.

Yazeed was founded in Damascus, Syria. At that time, Kufa was one of the main cities of Iraq. The people of Kufa invited Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) to remove Yazid and unite the Ummah. They made promises to promise him loyalty. During this time they wrote him hundreds of letters. Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was at that time in Mecca.

Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) sent his cousin Muslim ibn Aqel ibn Abi Talib to sort out this issue. When the Muslim ibn Aqeel reached Kufa, people began to declare loyalty to Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) in his hands. He answered, saying that the whole city repeats your name and that you must come immediately. Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) left with his close relatives and many distant relatives and friends. Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) tried to stop him not because he supported Yazid, but because he knew the treacherous nature of the people of Kufa. They had previously betrayed Hussein’s father Ali (may Allah be pleased with him).

READ MORE: 10 Incredible Benefits Of Converting To Islam

Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him), however, he left. On the way, he received news that events in Kufa had changed for the worse. Yazid sent an order from Damascus that the governor had been changed, and he instructed the newly appointed ruler Ubaidullah ibn Ziyad to be strict against his opponents. He caught and killed the Muslim ibn Aqail. Subsequently, the people left Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) and turned against him.

The army was sent to capture or kill Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) and his caravan. They cornered him and restricted his movements. He reminded them of his invitation and showed them his letters. But they refused to recognize these letters. He asked them to rest from the night before Ashura. It happened on the night before Friday. He instructed his caravan to spend the night in worship and in prayer. He was also engaged in worship. He instructed his sister Zaynab (may Allah be pleased with him) not to mourn his martyrdom, because martyrdom would be a source of exaltation for him.

For some time he lied and saw in a dream his grandfather, the prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be with him). He instructed him to be patient and informed him that he would soon join him.

The next morning, the army attacked a caravan. Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) his family and friends protected him, but there were more of them. The opposing army consisted of four thousand well-armed soldiers, while the caravan consisted of no more than a hundred men, some children, and women from a family. They were killed one by one. Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was as brave as his father, and he also fought until he was alone. They defended from morning until noon, until time Jumma beckoned. Because they were travelers, they had to pray to the Zohar. Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) asked for a respite so that they could perform Salah, but they refused, and he prayed to the Zohar Salah indicating (Ishkhara).

Hudaybiah: Karbala by night
Karbala by night

At that moment he was very thirsty and wanted to drink some water near the river. However, when he approached the water, one unfortunate man shot an arrow at him and thus prevented him from drinking. He became very weak because of the blood that was leaking from his wounds, and at that moment a curse broke out of his mouth. He said, "May you die of thirst too." And it so happened that the attacker died from the disease, because of which he craved, and no matter how much water he drank, his thirst would not go.

No man had the courage to attack him correctly. They approached him in the party, shot arrows from afar, and then fled when he turned towards them. They decided to plant it collectively. It was then that Shimr Zil Jaushan hit him in the head, while others separated him from his body. Some nasty people trampled his dead body with their horses. Inna Lillallahi Wa Inna Elihi Rajion.

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) gave his precious life to establish the Hakk (truth). He did not give up lies, even if they made offers and promises. The oppressors did not stop at him, they even tried to kill the children. Imam Zaynul Abidin fell ill and could not take part. Therefore, he was kept in a tent with the ladies. The enemies rushed into the tents and tried to kill him, but his aunt Zainab grabbed him and screamed at them, at which they retreated.

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him), the torn head was brought to Ubaidulla ibn Ziyad, the ruler of Kufa. He touched his lips with a stick in his hand and praised the beauty of his face. An elderly Sahabi who was present could not accept him and remarked: “Do not do this! I saw the prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Vasallam kiss this face. ”

READ MORE: Things To Do and Duas Before Sleeping to Earn Great Rewards

Then the severed head and family members were sent to Yazid in Damascus. He showed some remorse for the murder. Allah knows how genuine he is. He sent the family back to Medina Munawwarah.

The decree of Allah (ﷻ) is striking. Exactly 6 years later, Ubaydullah Ibn Ziad was killed on the same day in Ashar in 67AH. His torn head appeared before Mukhtar Ibn Abi Ubaid At-Takafi. People saw that a small snake came out of his mouth and then came back through his nose. He did this for a while and then disappeared inside.

Hudaybiah: Aerial view of Karbala
Aerial view of Karbala

Ahle Byte remained extremely calm, despite the tragic departure of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) and many of their relatives. When they returned to Medina Munawwarah, cries of grief were heard from within.

Yazeed and the killers did not last long. The killers spent the rest of their lives in a terrible state and died very quickly. Yazid also died in just 3 years. May Allah Taala cope with him as he deserves.

Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) was in Mecca during the martyrdom of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him). He rested when he saw the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in a dream. His hair was disheveled and he had a bottle of blood in his hands. At the request of Ibn Abbas, the Prophet (may Allah bless him and welcome) replied: “I was just where Hussain was tortured. I collected this blood to be present in the court of Allah on the Day of Judgment. ”

Abu Usman Nahdi migrated from Kufa to Basra, saying: “I cannot stay in the city that killed the grandson of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him).” Another Tabiya said: "If I were among the army that killed Hussain, and I was allowed to enter Jannah ... I still feel ashamed of myself."

Hudaybiah: Earliest painting depicting the Battle of Karbala
Earliest painting depicting the Battle of Karbala

Some narrations say that on that fateful day in Karbala, the sky suddenly turned black. Some also say that in Byte al-Maqdis, when the stone is turned, they will see blood under it. [Isab]

It was a huge tragedy. Imam Shafiye (Allah shows mercy to him) composed poetry regarding Hussain's martyrdom (may Allah be pleased with him), in which he declares his complete innocence. He says:

“Slaughtered for no reason. His shirt was so red as though it was dyed with red colour.
The world shook apart for the family of Muhammad.
The massive mountains were close to melting.
How Ajeeb? People send peace & blessings upon the Prophet from Banu Hashim and then kill His beloving children! "

Ahle bayt continued his life. Umma moved on. The attackers have suffered in this world, as they will in the hereafter. It is senseless to continue crying and complaining about this tragedy. Today there are many innovations and falsifications regarding the martyrdom of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) that we should not take part or admire. Rather, we should learn the lessons from the sacrifice of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), his family and companions and bring them into our lives.

Tomb of the Prophet Uzayr (May Allah please with Himt)

References: Wikipedia

It is believed that this is the place of the tomb of the Prophet Uzair (Ezra) (May Allah please with Himt). It is located in the province of Amara in Iraq.

Message Hudaybiah first appeared.


Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy
Translate »