Iraq Islamic History

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1. Temple of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him)

This is the resting place of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) in Karbala. He was the son of Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) and the grandson of the Prophet Mohammed (ﷺ).

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was born in Shaaban 4АХ. He was brought to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who was overjoyed. He chewed a date and put it in the mouth of a newborn, which he began to suck. The first to hit his stomach was the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) blessed his saliva. Then he gave adhaan and ikamata in his ears and called him Hussain. On the 7th day, he gave an indication that the head should be shaved and that Sadak from silver should be equivalent to the weight of the hair. After that, he made aqeeqah, (sacrificing two goats for him).

Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) was courted and suckled Ummul Fadl Radiallah (may Allah be pleased with him), the wife of the Prophet Uncle Abbas. She mentions that when the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) kept Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) on his knees and was in a cheerful mood. He suddenly began to cry. She asked about the reason. He replied: "Jibril has just informed me that my ummah will one day kill this beloved son of mine." [Bayhaqi]

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) declared in the Hadith:
“Hussein is mine, and I am Hussein. May Allah like the one who loves Hussein. Hussein is a mighty grandson. ” [Ibn majah]

Hussein says that his grandfather the Prophet (SAW):
“Out of the beauty of Imaan of man, he leaves aside things that do not concern him”

Ibn Kathir writes: “Sayidun Abu Bakr, perhaps, is pleased with him by Allah), showed great respect for the family of the Prophet (may Allah bless him and welcome). He treated Hussein with love, love, and special attention. The same thing happened with Sayiduna Umar and Uthman (may Allah be pleased with them). [Al-Bidayah, Tajalliyat Safdar]

When Kisra’s daughter, Princess Sheherbanu, was brought to Medina Munavava among the prisoners, Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “It is suitable only for Hussein.” He gave it to Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him), who freed her and married her. She gave birth to her son Ali Ibn al-Hussein, who was later named Imam Zain Al-Abideen, thanks to the beauty of his worship.

During the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar (may Allah be pleased with them), Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) is still growing. In 26AH, during the caliphate of Utmani, he took part in the conquest of Tripoli. He played an important role in this victory, as well as many others. In the 30s he was with Said ibn al-Aas (may Allah be pleased with him) in the conquest of Tabrishan and then in the conquest of Djurdjan.

Hudaybiah: Dome above the shrine of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Wikipedia Commons
Dome above the shrine of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Wikipedia Commons

In 34AH, when the rebels surrounded the residence of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with them) and yearn for his blood, this brave prince offered his life with a group of young people. They will stand at the door and will guard their house, returning the rebels. Despite repeated requests to bring the rebels and to have the opportunity to do so, Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) forbade them to shed one drop of blood to protect him. In the end, the rebels took over the property of their neighbors and jumped into the walls. Then they killed Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him).

After the martyrdom of Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him), Muhajirin and Ansar promised their loyalty to Ali (may Allah be pleased with him). Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was on the side of his father during the five years of his caliphate. He was a very obedient and humble son and took part in notable battles with Jamal and Siffen.

After the death of his father, he turned to his elder brother Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) as a father. He will always be with him and consult him on important matters.

Hudaybiah: Entry gate to the mosque of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Wikimedia Commons
Entry gate to the mosque of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: Wikimedia Commons

After the remaining Khaleefa, only 6 months, Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) handed over the reign of the leadership of Mu'awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him). Mu'awiya (may Allah be pleased with him) treated Ahla Beyta with great respect. He set the allowance in the amount of 100,000 per year for Sayidun Hasan and Hussein (may Allah be pleased with them). When they go to Shaam or Mu'awiyah (may Allah be pleased with him), they will come to Medina, they will treat each other with generosity and hospitality.

Hudaybiah: The mosque of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) in 1932 – Photo: Wikimedia Commons
The mosque of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) in 1932 – Photo: Wikimedia Commons

When Hassan (may Allah be pleased with him) died in the year 50AH, Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) became the eldest among the prophetic household. At that time he was the best man on earth. As soon as Abdullah bin Amr ibn al-Aas (may Allah be pleased with him), sat in Haram Sharif near the Ka'ba when Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him). He looked at his radiant face and remarked: "Among all the people on the face of this earth, this man is the most beloved of the angels of heaven." Abdullah Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) will be proud to hold on to Hussein's ladder (may Allah be pleased with him), the saddle when he rides his horse.

Hussein (may Allah be pleased with him) was tortured in Karbala at 10 Muharram 61AH. He was 57 years old.

src="https://www.islamreligionguardian.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Shrine-of-Hussain-may-Allah-be-pleased-with-him-1.jpg" alt="Temple of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him)" />
Shrine of Hussain (may Allah be pleased with him) – Photo: tourismlandscapes.blogspot.co.uk

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