“The best prayer is what was made on the day of Arafat. The best of what was said by me and the prophets before me; There is no God except Allah, without any partners, power and all praise belong to him, and he has power over everything “(Tirmidhi 3585)
Arafat’s magnificent day falls on the 9th Dhul-Hajj, the second day of Hajj. This is the culmination of the annual pilgrimage (Hajj) in Islam.
After sunrise on this blessed day, millions of pilgrims went to the plain of Arafat, also known as Mount Arafat, located near the city of Mecca. It is in this place where our beloved Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) uttered his farewell sermon for his ummah. All Day Arafat, from dawn to dusk, is held in devotional service, worship, prayers and seeking of Allah’s forgiveness. This is a day of boundless blessings and forgiveness.
For us to understand the importance of this special day, it is necessary to shed light on the merits of this day and why it occupies such a precious place in the heart of Islam.
Islam Religion was perfect on that day
It was on Arafat’s Day, when Allah (SWT) completed and perfected the religion of Islam, thereby fulfilling His favor to His people. This day marks the finality of the divine revelation. According to the Islamic tradition:
Tariq bin Shibab: Some Jews said: “If this verse was revealed to us, we would take this day as” eid (festival). ‘Umar said; ‘What verse?’ They said:
“On this day, I have perfected your religion for you, Filled My mercy upon you and chose Islam for you as your religion” (Qoran 5.3)
`Umar said:” I know the place where it was revealed; This was revealed, while the Apostle of Allah was in Arafat (Saheeh Bukhari 5: 59: 689)
Day of Forgiveness
If you fast on Arafat’s Day, the sins committed last year and next year will be forgiven. In short, everyone earns a clean slate. This is the “Sunnah” of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) to fast on that day. According to the hadith:
Abu Qutaada: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was asked about the fasting on the day of “Araf” (9th of Dhui-Hijj), after which he said: “It redress the sins of the previous year and the coming year” ( Saheeh Muslim 6: 2603)
However, fasting on this day is aimed only at non-pilgrims – pilgrims do not need to fast on Arafat’s Day, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not fast on that day in Arafat.
Arafat’s day is considered the day of “Eid” and a celebration for Muslims. This is a favorable event of gratitude, rewards and piety. According to the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him):
It is reported by Uqbah bin Amir: He said: “Araf Day, Nahra Day and Tashrik Days are for us. The people of Islam, and they are the days of food and drink “(Tirmidhi 4:92)
And in another hadith:
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The day of Arafat and the day of the sacrifice, and the day of At-Tashrik is Eid (holiday) for us, the people of Islam, and they are the days of Food and drink” (Abu Dawud 13: 2413)
Protection from Hellfire
Arafat’s day is an unrivaled opportunity to gain eternal protection from Hellfire and receive forgiveness for all sins. This is the day when Allah (SWT) confesses His pride in His creation, which Arafat stands for His angels. According to Aisha (RA), the Holy Prophet (peace be on him) said:
“There is no day when God will free more servants from Hell than Araf’s Day. He approaches, and then praises them to the angels and says: “What do they want?” (Saheeh Muslim 7: 3126)
The integral part of the Hajj
Standing on Mount Arafat is an integral part of the annual pilgrimage; Hadj can not be complete without it. The Holy Prophet (peace be on him) emphasizes his importance in another hadith narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin Yamar:
“Hajj is Arafat, Hajj is Arafat, Aajj is Arafat. The days of Mina are three: “But whoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him, and whoever remains, there is no sin on him (2: 203). And the one who sees “Arafa” before the Fajr rising, then he performed the Hajj. ” (Tirmidhi 5: 44: 2975)
Such is the splendor and significance of the blessed Arafat Day in Islam.