The month of Ramadan is considered the most important time of the year for Muslims. If we see this holy month historically, the Holy Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammed in the month of Ramadan. The Holy Quran is a holy book for Muslims as a source of guidance for all of humanity. Ramadan is the month of fasting, reflection, offerings, devotion and sacrifice.
Our beloved Prophet Mohammed (PBUH) said: "This (Ramadan) is a month whose beginning is mercy, its middle, forgiveness, and end release from the fire of hell." These three stages of Ramadan are called Ashra. The word Ashra is an Arabic word that means ten. There are three Ramadan ashrahs with separate duas for each. Below we will discuss the importance of each Ashra with the duas that are associated with them.
Three Stages (Ashras) of Ramadan
There are three Ashrahs of Ramadan, each of which has a separate dua. The first stage (ashra) of Ramadan begins from the 1st and ends on the 10th of Ramadan, the second stage (ashra) from 11 to 20 of Ramadan, and the third stage (ashra) from 21 to 30th of Ramadan. The first Ashrah reflects the Mercy of Allah, therefore it is known that this is Rehma. The second Ashrah reflects the Forgiveness of Allah, therefore it is called Maghfirah. The third Ashrah of Ramadan reflects safety from hell; it is known as Nijat.
The month of Ramadan is full of blessings, mercy and forgiveness. For all Muslims, this is the best opportunity to collect more of the blessings of Allah and pray for their forgiveness and be saved from Hellfire.
First Ashra of Ramadan (Mercy)
First, the ten days of Ramadan are the days of Mercy. Every Muslim should seek the grace of Almighty Allah these days. There is a special verse that Muslims usually read in the first ten days. Dua for the first Ashra, translation: “Oh! My Lord, forgive me and have mercy, and You are the best of the merciful." The purpose of the first Ashra is to practice mercy towards other brethren, bringing mercy; the act that Allah loves the most. Treat your fellow Muslims well, controlling your temper.
Second Ashra of Ramadan (Forgiveness)
The second Ashra of Ramadan consists of the following ten days; this is a time of forgiveness. These are the days of forgiveness, and a Muslim should ask forgiveness from Almighty Allah and repent of all his sins. There is a special verse that Muslims usually read in the next ten days. Dua for the second Ashra:
"I apologize for my sins from Allah, who is my Lord, and I turn towards Him."
This is the time when the forgiveness of Almighty Allah is at his peak, and this is the best time for asking for forgiveness for all the sins of Almighty Allah. Always ask forgiveness from Almighty Allah all these days. Be sure not to repeat another sins after you ask for forgiveness.
Third Ashra of Ramadan (Nijat)
The third Ashra of Ramadan begins on the 21st and ends on the 29th or 30th of Ramadan according to the moon. The third Ashra is known as the protection from Hell, which means Nijat. At the end of Ramadan we are seeking Allahprotection from Hellfire. Every Muslim must pray for the protection of Hellfire. The last Ashra is very important and superior. In this Ashra, Lailatul Qadar also falls which is better than nights for thousands of months. Many Muslims also practice Aitkaf and try to pray as much as possible. Almighty Allah said in the Holy Quran about Laylatul Qadar:
“We sent him (the Quran) on a blessed night. Verily we always warn. In it (that Night) each question of dedication is defined. Amran (that is, the command, or this Quran, or His decree on any matter) from Us. Verily, We always send (a Messenger) (As) Grace from your Lord. ” (Quran 44: 3-6)
Dua for the third Ashrah of Ramadan, translation:“O Allah! Save me from hell - fire. " Allah alone knows best, and he is the only source of strength. May Allah give us the strength to seek the mercy of Allah, forgiveness and Nijat from Hellfire! Amine