1. Ghusl is washing the entire body with water.
"O you who believe! Approach not As-Salat (the prayer) when you are in a drunken state until you know (the meaning) of what you utter, nor when you are in a state of Janaba, (i.e. in a state of sexual impurity and have not yet taken a bath) except when travelling on the road (without enough water, or just passing through a mosque), till you wash your whole body. And if you are ill, or on a journey, or one of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands (Tayammum) . Truly, Allah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, Oft-Forgiving." (Quran 4:43)
READ MORE: 9 Things to Know When Visiting a Masjid
Occasions when Ghusl is Required as an obligatory Act
Ghusl is obligatory on a person in the following cases:
- If there is discharge of semen due to stimulation or because of an erotic dream (wet dream). If a woman finds her self wet due to an erotic dream then Ghusl is obligatory on her because of the hadeeth of Umm Salamah, who reported that Umm Sulaim, the wife of Abu Talha, asked Allah's Messenger (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), saying: "Allaah is not shy when it comes to the truth. So is it obligatory for a woman to perform ghusl if she has a wet dream (i.e. seminal fluid comes out)? The Prophet (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) responded: "Yes, if she sees the fluid." This hadeeth is reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. However, if one has an erotic dream but no wetness is found then ghusl is not obligatory
- Ghusl is obligatory for men and women after sexual intercourse performing Ghusl is required regardless of whether the person ejaculated or not. A male is required to perform ghusl if the head of his penis entered the Vagina of the female even if it was for just a secound. Abu Hurairah (radyAllaahu anhu) said: Allah's Messenger (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said: "When a man sits in between the four parts of a woman and enters into her (for intercourse), the ghusl becomes obligatory." Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. In Muslim's report, there is the addition: "even if he doesn't ejaculate. The same ruling applies to the woman.Females are required to perform ghusl when their menstruation period end.
- Females are required to perform ghusl at the end of their post-childbirth bleeding. If she continues to sleep for more than 39 days then she must perform ghusl at the end of the 40th day.
- It is required to perform ghusl on a Muslim who has died but if the Muslim died in Jihad (i.e as a Shaheed or Martyr) then no qhusl is required.