“It is credibly narrated that the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam remained the day of Araf in the town of Namira (a place before Arafa), until noon came (until the time of midday prayer came in), after he mounted and stopped in the middle of the valley ‘Uranus, (which is between Namira and’ Arafa). There he performed midday and afternoon prayers for two rak’ahs, combining them, performing them during the midday prayer and pronouncing one azan and one ikamu. Then he mounted, until he reached his parking lot, stopped and said: “I stopped here, and the whole ‘Arafa is a place of standing.” And he stood there, turning in the direction of the Kaaba, raising his hands, commemorating Allah and turning his prayers to Him until the sun went down, and the Sun disc disappeared. And then he went to Muzdalifah.
The mistakes that pilgrims make in ‘Arafa are following.
First: Sometimes pilgrims pass by you, and you do not hear that they are pronouncing Talbiyah aloud. They do not pronounce it aloud when they are sent from Mina to Mount Arafa. Reliably transmitted from the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, that he pronounced Talbiyah until he threw stones at Jamratu-l-‘Aqaba on the Day of Sacrifice.
The second: One of the biggest and most serious mistakes is that some pilgrims stop outside the Arafa mountain and remain in their places until sunset, and after that they go to Muzdalifah. The pilgrimage of those who did this is not valid, since the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The pilgrimage is” Arafa “. The pilgrimage of someone who did not stand on Mount Arafa, or part of Arafat, and at that time, which was reserved for standing, the hajj of such person becomes invalid because of the hadith we pointed out. This is a very dangerous mistake.
The boundaries of the mountain ‘Arafa are delineated and clear, only those who are negligent will not notice them. Therefore, every pilgrim must find these boundaries to make sure he stands on Mount Arafa, and not outside it.
And how nice it would be if the organizers of the Hajj announced this to all people and did it in different languages, and if they appointed people who would warn pilgrims from committing this error so that all people would know about it and make their pilgrimage in the right way, That their pilgrimage was accepted.
Third: some people, wishing to cry out to Allah at the end of the day, turn towards the mountain on which
the Messenger of Allah was standing, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, despite the fact that the Ka’ba will be behind them, to their right or to the left. This is also a mistake and ignorance. Since the Shari’ah ordained on the day of ‘Arafa to pray, turning towards the Kaaba, as in the case when the mountain is in front of the person, so also in the case when it is behind him, to his right or to the left. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) turned to the mountain, because the place of his standing was behind the mountain. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood facing the Kaaba, and the mountain was between him and the Ka’ba, so the mountain was forced in front of him.
Fourthly: some people believe that it is absolutely necessary to go to the place where the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stood and stand. And you see that, despite the difficulties, overcoming everything in their path, they go to that place. Sometimes they go on foot, do not know on the way, start to feel thirsty and hungry, when they do not find food and drink, and are mistaken. And because of this incorrect belief, they put themselves in great danger. It is believed that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “I stopped here, and the whole ‘Arafa is a place of standing.”
The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, as if he indicates that a man does not take the trouble to stand where the Prophet stood, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, but he does what he can. After all, Arafa is a place of standing.
Fifth: some people believe that the trees on Mount Arafa are also forbidden to be cut down, as in the valley of Mina and Muzdalifah, that it is also forbidden to tear down leaves, branches, etc. from the trees on Mount Arafa. They think so because they think that tearing and cutting are connected with the state of ihram, like hunting. But this is a mistake. Since the felling of trees is not connected with the state of ihram, but is connected with the place. Felling and other prohibited in all those places that are included in the protected area. Inside the protected area / haram / it is forbidden to cut down trees, tear off a leaf or a branch. Cutting trees that are outside the protected area, you can, even if a person is in the state of ihram. Therefore, cutting trees on ‘Araf is allowed. However, sometimes it is forbidden to cut down trees for any other reason, because it will violate the rights of those who planted them, and also the rights of the other pilgrims who find shelter in the shade of trees when intensified by the heat.
Thus, the trees that were planted on Mount Araf can not be ripped apart because they are in a protected area, but because that will harm other Muslims.
Sixth: Some pilgrims believe that the mountain where the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) has a special holiness, and therefore they go to it, climb on it, seek blessings from her stones and land, hang on the trees pieces Cloth and commit other acts. All this is an innovation. The Sharia did not prescribe to climb this mountain, did not order to make a prayer in that place and hang up pieces of cloth on trees in that place. After all, this is not transmitted from the Prophet, sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. In these actions there is a smell of paganism. Once the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam passed by a tree on which the polytheists hung their weapons and those who were with the Prophet said to him: “O Messenger of Allah, do for us (such a tree) Zatu Anuat , Which they have “. To which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allah is great! These are all the customs of the past! Verily, you will certainly follow the customs of those who were before you! By the One Who owns my soul, you asked the same as the sons of Israel asked Musa: ‘Do us a deity, like the ones they have’.
This mountain has no special sanctity, but it is similar to other hills and slopes on Mount Arafa. But the Messenger, may the peace and blessings of almighty Allah be upon him, stood in that place, and if a person can stand in the place where the Messenger of Allah stood, let him do it, and if not – then it is not necessary . And one should not overcome a person’s difficulties in order to get on it, as has already been said.
Seventh: Some people believe that they need to perform midday and afternoon prayers with the imam of the mosque and for this they travel a long distance. This brings them difficulties, fatigue, sometimes they are lost, and all this complicates their pilgrimage. People because of this start to oppress each other, to offend. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I stopped here, and the whole” Arafa is a place of standing, “and also:” All the land was made for me a place of prayer and a means of purification. ‘Therefore, if a person makes a prayer in his tent, quietly, without causing inconvenience to others, without complicating his pilgrimage difficulties, then it will be better for him.
Eighth: some pilgrims leave Mount Araf before the sun sets and they leave from Muzdalifu. This is a huge mistake, and in this likeness to the polytheists who left Mount Araf before sunset. This contradicts the action of the Messenger, sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, who did not leave’ Araf until the sun set, and until the yellowness was gone. This is said in the hadith of Jabir, may Allah be pleased with him.
Therefore, the pilgrim must be on Mount Arafa, within its borders, until the sun sets. This state is limited in time by sunset. As a fasting man, one can not break fast before sunset, so a pilgrim can not leave Mount Araf before sunset.
The ninth: wasting time on useless pursuits. You can see how people from the very beginning of the day and up to the last part of them spend time in conversations, among which, perhaps, there are good ones, in which there are no gossips, discussions and reproaches of others, and perhaps these conversations were not without talking about others People, gossip and “eating the meat of those people.’ Pursuing the second, people commit two forbidden actions:
1. “eating other people’s meat,” which is even a flaw in the state of ihram, because the Most High said:
فمن فرض فيهن الحج فلا رفث ولا فسوق ولا جدال في الحج
“Whoever intends to perform the Hajj in these months, he should not enter into sexual intimacy, commit sins and enter into disputes during the Hajj. Whatever you do is good, Allah knows about it “; (Surat al-Baqarah 2:197)
2. waste of time.
If the conversation did not contain the forbidden, it is a waste of time, but at the same time, the conversation before noon, not containing the forbidden, is not prohibited. In the afternoon, after the midday and afternoon prayers, the pilgrim should better pray to Allah, remember Him and read the Quran. Also, when he gets tired of reading and remembering a little, he can do useful conversations with his brothers, can tell something useful about research in the Shariah sciences or something that would be interesting to them, which would open to them the door of hope for the mercy of Allah Almighty. However, he must take advantage of the last hours of the day and hold her in prayer, address Allah with all humility, show his sincerity, hope for His mercy and repeat his entreaties. He should more use those Dua’s that are mentioned in the Quran and authentic Sunnah from the Messenger of Allah, may the peace and blessings of almighty Allah be upon him. After all, they are the best, and this time is the best for accepting Dua’s. “