Muslims believe that there is only One God. The Arabic word for God is ‘Allah’, which is a combination of two Arabic words, “Al” and “ilah”. “Al” means “The”, and “ilah” means “God”. These two words come together and refer to “The God”, which implies “The Only God” or “The Only One to be Worshipped”.
Nothing else can be called Allah. The term has no gender (he’s neither male nor female) – Muslims only use the word ‘He’ out of respect and dignity, not for gender. It also has no plural – the Qur’an sometime uses ‘We’ but this is used only as the “Royal WE” just as in English for royalty. This shows that the term ‘Allah’ is unique when compared with the word “god” which can be made feminine (i.e. goddess) or plural (i.e. gods).
Some qualities of Allah:
قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ
لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ
وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ
- Qul huwa Allahu ahadun
- Allahu alssamadu
- Lam yalid walam yooladu
- Walam yakun lahu kufuwan ahadun
“Say: He is Allah, the One! Allah, the eternally Besought of all! He begetteth not nor was begotten. And there is none comparable unto Him.”
How to connect with Allah
Muslims worship only Allah as He is only worthy of worship.
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A believer can have direct access to Allah without the need for any intermediaries such as idols, saints, angels, priests, planets, animals, graves or statues. This is achieved through dua (salutation), salah or namaz (prayer), and by reciting the Qur’an.
The Qur’an says that Allah is closer to man than his jugular vein yet He cannot be encompassed by human intellect.
Walaqad khalaqna alinsana wanaAAlamu ma tuwaswisu bihi nafsuhu wanahnu aqrabu ilayhi min habli alwareedi
“We verily created a man and We know what his soul whispereth to him , and We are nearer to him than his jugular vein.”