Ramadan is the 9th Month of Hijri Calendar. Holy Month of Ramazan has a very special place in the Muslim world. The month comprises 3o fasts sometimes it is of 29 fasting days. Fasting is one of the 5 main pillars of Islam. Historically Ramadan has got a very special place due to the major events for the Muslim world. In today’s blog, we will be discussing briefly “6 major events of the holy month of Ramadan.“
1. 10 Ramadan, death of Hazrat e Khadija bint khuwaylid, first wife of Muhammad
Hazrat e Khadijah RA died in the “Month of Ramadan” in November AD 619. Muhammad later called this tenth year “the Year of Sorrow”, as his uncle and a great support Abu Talib additionally died at this time. Hazrat e Khadijah RA was at the age of 65 when she died. She was buried in Jannat al-Mu’alla graveyard, in Mecca.
The Messenger of Allah covered her in her grave. She was twenty-eight years of age when the Messenger of Allah wedded her.
In the years promptly following Khadijah RA’s passing, Muhammad SAW confronted the rivals of his message and from some who initially tailed him however had now turned around. Threatening clans derided and stoned him. Muhammad SAW moved to Yathrib (Medina) after Khadijah’s passing.
2. 15 Ramadan, the birth of Hasan ibn Ali
Al-Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib , (624–670 CE), spelled Hasan or Hassan, was the oldest child of Ali and Muhammad’s little girl Fatimah, and was the more seasoned sibling of Husayn, just as the fifth of Rashidun, or “Appropriately Guided Caliphs”.Muslims regard him as a grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad SAW.
At the point when Al-Hasan was conceived in the year 624 CE, Muhammad SAW butchered a ram for the poor on the event of his introduction to the world and picked the name “Al-Hasan” for him. Fatimah shaved his head and gave the heaviness of his hair in silver as alms. Both Shia and Sunni Muslims consider Al-Hasan to have a place with the Ahl al-Bayt of Muhammad SAW as one of the Ahl al-Kisa (“People of the Cloak”) and members of the Event of Mubahalah.
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3. 17 Ramadan, the birth of Ibn e Arabi
Ibn ʿArabi (26 July 1165 – 16 November 1240), was an Arab Andalusian Muslim scholar, mystic, poet, and philosopher, whose works have grown to be very influential beyond the Muslim world. Out of the 850 works attributed to him, some 700 are authentic while over 400 are still extant. His cosmological teachings became the dominant worldview in many parts of the Islamic world.
He is renowned among practitioners of Sufism by the names al-Shaykh al-Akbar (“the Greatest Shaykh”), Muḥyiddin ibn Arabi was considered a saint. He was also known as Shaikh-e-Akbar Mohi-ud-Din Ibn-e-Arabi throughout the Middle East.
4. 17 Ramadan, the Battle of Badr was won by the Muslims
The Battle of Badr (Arabic: غزوة بدر), battled on Tuesday, 13 March 624 CE (17 Ramadan, 2 AH in the Islamic schedule) in the Hejaz district of western Arabia (present-day Saudi Arabia), was a key fight at the beginning of Islam and a defining moment in Muhammad SAW’s battle with his rivals among the Quraish in Mecca. It is one of only a handful, not many fights explicitly referenced in the Quran e Hakeem. All information on the fight at Badr originates from customary Islamic records, the two hadiths, and memoirs of Muhammad SAW, recorded in composed structure sometime after the fight. There is little proof outside of these of the fight. There are no portrayals of the fight before the ninth century.
Preceding the fight, the Muslims and the Meccans had battled a few littler engagements in late 623 and mid 624. Badr, be that as it may, was the primary enormous scope commitment between the two powers. Progressing to a solid guarded position, Muhammad’s very much restrained power broke the Meccan lines, executing a few significant Quraishi pioneers including the Muslims’ main rival Abu Jahl. For the early Muslims, the fight was the principal sign that they may, in the end, rout their foes among the Meccans. Mecca around then was one of the most extravagant and most remarkable urban areas in Arabia, handling a military multiple times bigger than that of the Muslims. The Muslim triumph additionally motioned to different clans that another force had emerged in Arabia and reinforced Muhammad’s situation as the pioneer of the regularly touchy network in Medina.
5. 19 Ramadan, Hazrat e Ali RA was struck on the head
Ali ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Rashidun was martyred by a Kharijite called Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Amr ibn Muljam al-Muradi on 26 January 661, at the Great Mosque of Kufah in present-day Iraq. Ali RA, who was then 59 old enough, passed on because of his wounds two days after Abd al-Rahman ibn ‘Amr ibn Muljam al-Muradi struck him on his head by a toxin covered sword, on the 21 (or 19) Ramadan 40 AH (28 January 661 CE). He was the third progressive caliph, after Hazrat e Umar RA and Hazrat e Uthman RA, to be martyred.
Ali RA turned into the caliph after the death of Hazrat e Uthman RA in 656. Anyway, he confronted restriction from certain groups including the Levant representative, Muawiyah I. A common war, called the First Fitna, occurred inside the early Islamic state which brought about the ousting of the Rashidun caliphs and the foundation of the Umayyad tradition. It started when the caliph Uthman ibn Affan RA was martyred in 656 and proceeded through the four-year rule of Ali RA. After Ali RA consented to the discretion with Muawiyah I following the Battle of Siffin (657), a revolt occurred against him by certain individuals from his military, later known as Kharijites. They executed a portion of Ali RA’s supporters, however, they were squashed by Ali’s powers at the Battle of Nahrawan in July 658.
6. 20 Ramadan, the Conquest of Mecca by Prophet Muhammad SAW
The Muslim armed force set out for Mecca on Wednesday, 29 November 629 (6 Ramadan, 8 AH). Volunteers and contingents from unified clans joined the Muslim armed force in transit expanding its size to around 10,000 in number. This was the biggest Muslim power at any point collected as of that time. The military remained at Marr-uz-Zahran, found ten miles northwest of Mecca. Muhammad SAW requested each man to light a fire to make the Meccans overestimate the size of the army.
Mecca lies in the Valley of Ibrahim, encompassed by dark tough slopes arriving at statures of 1,000 ft (300 m) at certain spots. There were four section courses through goes into the slopes. These were from the north-west, the south-west, the south, and the north-east. Muhammad SAW separated the Muslim armed force into four sections: one to progress through each pass. The fundamental section where Muhammad was available was directed by Abu Ubaidah ibn al-Jarrah RA. It was entrusted to enter Mecca through the principle Medina course, from the north-west close Azakhir. Muhammad SAW cousin Zubayr ibn al-Awam RA instructed the subsequent section and it would enter Mecca from the south-west, through a pass west of Kuda slope. The section entering from the south through Kudai was under the administration of Muhammad’s cousin Ali ibn Abi Talib RA. The last segment under Khalid ibn al-Walid RA was entrusted to enter from the north-east, through Khandama and Lait.
Their strategy was to progress at the same time from all sides focusing on a solitary focal goal. This would prompt the scattering of adversary powers and forestall their fixation on any one front. Another significant purpose behind this strategy was that regardless of whether a couple of the assaulting sections confronted solid opposition and got incapable to get through, at that point the assault could proceed from different flanks. This would likewise keep any of the Quraysh from escaping.
Muhammad accentuated on abstaining from battling except if Quraysh assaulted. The Muslim armed force entered Mecca on Monday, 11 December 629 (18 Ramadan 8 Hijrah). The passage was quiet and bloodless on three segments aside from that of Khalid RA’s section. The solidified enemies of Muslims like Ikrimah and Sufwan assembled a band of Quraysh contenders and confronted Khalid RA’s section. The Quraysh assaulted the Muslims with blades and bows, and the Muslims charged the Quraysh’s positions. After a short conflict, the Quraysh gave ground in the wake of losing twelve men. Muslim misfortunes were two warriors.
Muslims won the mecca finally with the grace of almighty.
The above major events were the few mentioned in this blog post. Due to this, the holy month of Ramadan becomes more worthy for Muslims on the whole. These events are a major part of Islamic history.
May Allah help us all to learn about our history and may He help us to strengthen our bonds with it. Ameen.